With the mercury climbing and the sun burns bright in the sky, the summers are well and truly here. Schools and colleges will shut down and the rest of us will struggle as we go through our day. Summers may be synonymous with holidays and fun, but it is also one of the most excruciating time of the year when we need to see that our bodies are taken care of. We also need to pay attention to our children, who are likely to go overboard during their holidays.
Summer can also be hard on our skin and hair, bringing rashes and boils. Then there are the casualties of heatwave that hit the headline every summer. Heatstrokes, sunburn are common ailment. Some of these can be treated with medicines and lotions from pharma franchise company. But we should also pay extra attention in avoiding such ailments. We can also try simple remedies and precautions to stay healthy, fit and cool this summer. Here are some common summer ailments and their remedies:
Heat stroke occurs when our body is exposed to the heat for a prolonged time. Physical exertion makes it more likely. We experience heat stroke when the body temperature exceeds 140 F. This is one of the most serious conditions that is a direct cause of exposure to the sun. A person suffering from heatstroke will have a very high temperature, headache, flushed skin, racing heart rate, rapid breathing, nausea, and may also experience confusion, delirium and seizure.
Heatstroke is usually caused because of exposure to excessive heat and strenuous activity. Wearing excess clothing, becoming dehydrated and drinking alcohol accelerate the condition. Some people may also be more disposed to heatstroke, such as people suffering from heart and lung disorders or those taking stimulants. Children and elderly are also more susceptible to heatstroke. It can cause damage to vital internal organs and even death.
To cope with heatstroke, you must immediately try to bring down the temperature. Move indoors, remove excess clothing and try to get cool by whatever means possible — a bath or switching on the AC. To prevent heatstroke, wear loose and light clothing like cotton, stay indoors when it is excessively hot, and drink plenty of fluids.
When our skin is exposed to the sun for a long time, it gets burned, turning red and peeling away. The damage is caused by the harmful rays of the sun — UVA and UVB. Sunburn may seem like a mere irritation, but it can cause serious long-term damage to the skin. The ultraviolet rays penetrate the skin, altering our DNA. It can cause premature ageing and over time, it can also cause skin cancer.
The troubling part about sunburn is that it is not always visible. Prolonged exposure will cause sunburn, but with our Indian skin, we may not always notice it or be aware of it. It may not even appear visibly on our skin. You will experience itching days later as the body tries to get rid of the sunburnt skin.
Fortunately, there are ways to minimise the damage. A good sunscreen by a reliable pharma franchise company should be an essential part of your daily care routine. Apply a generous amount before venturing out. If you are suffering from painful sunburns, you need some extra care. Apply cold compress or take a shower to cool down your skin. Look for sunburn skin with ingredients like menthol, aloe vera and camphor. To prevent sunburn, avoid staying in the sun for too long, cover yourself and always use sunscreen.
Dehydration occurs when the body losses more fluid than it takes in. When the imbalance reaches a level when the body does not have enough fluids to carry out its normal functioning, dehydration taken place. Dehydration may occur more commonly in summers, but it can happen anytime and it can happen to anyone. However, small children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable.
With younger children, dehydration often happens as a result of vomiting and diarrhoea. Elderly people have low levels of water in their body. In addition, certain medication may make them particularly vulnerable to dehydration. The symptoms of dehydration include extreme thirst, dry mouth, fatigue, less frequent urination, and dark colour urine. If not treated, dehydration can effect urinary and kidney functions and low blood volume shock. Doctors will treat dehydration with intravenous fluid from pharma franchise. The only way to prevent dehydration is to keep yourself hydrated.